Modern research in cognitive psychology demonstrates that we use a different part of the brain for phonics than for comprehension. The brain has two very different ways, phonological and lexical, to access written information (Coltheart, 1981). When you learn to read Spanish using a phonological method only, you start by accessing meaning indirectly, which does not lead to comprehension only to decoding. Kinestemas® uses multiple senses in the process of reading: audio information, visual information, tactile information and kinesthetic information. The emergent reader has four different sensory channels to access written information. The methodology is developed by a set of learning procedures and systematic evaluation and allows for students to access phonics and comprehension at once.
Among the most used reading programs is the Modelo simple de la lectura (Alegría, 2006) or in English Simple Model of Reading (Gough and Tunmer, 1986).
This model explains reading comprehension (CL) as the result of the decoding (D) and the general understanding of the language (CGL).
Decoding is the operations that allow reading the text and understanding
General Language is the one we use to understand a person who speaks to us.
So with the above elements
We can express the following correspondence:
CL= C x CGL
That is, the Reading Comprehension is equal to Decoding Multiplied by Understanding
General of Language. Although the relationships in the above formula could be altered (for example, by adding D to CGL instead of multiplying, or with any other
variation), it is clear that without the decoding and understanding of language it is impossible
reading comprehension. Then both factors should be taken into account when we propose to teach to read. We cannot expect any reading comprehension if the student lacks oral comprehension of language. If you do not understand Spanish, can not be understood when reading in Spanish.
On the other hand, if the student is not able to decode (D = 0), although the oral comprehension is good, the reading comprehension will not happen.